Images of Mathematicians on Postage Stamps

RECENT CHANGES: On July 8, xuguangqi2.jpg, esa.jpg, enigma.jpg, hungary2000.jpg, and hieroglyphics.jpg were added. On July 7, graph10.jpg through graph 13.jpg, numerals.jpg, numerals2.jpg, and melancholia.jpg were added. On July 3, goldensection2.jpg, histogram.jpg, histogram2.jpg, graph3.jpg through graph9.jpg, avicenna15.jpg, avicenna16.jpg, boscovich7.jpg, boscovich8.jpg, russell6.jpg, metric31.jpg through metric35.jpg, argentina2000.jpg, abacus7.jpg, binomial.jpg, sliderule.jpg, and kepler33.jpg were added. On June 19, graph1.jpg, graph2.jpg, and al-tusi2.jpg were added. On June 18, avicenna14.jpg, al-tusi.jpg, and ulugh5.jpg were added. Thanks to Heinz Klaus Strick for these images.

ABEL, Niels Henrik. Issued by Norway on April 6, 1929, upon the death centenary abel1.jpg, abel2.jpg, abel3.jpg, abel4.jpg; issued by Norway on June 5, 2002, on the two-hundredth anniversary of his birth abel5.jpg, abel6.jpg, abel8.jpg, abel9.jpg; a coin issued by Norway in 2002 on the 200th anniversary of his birth abel7.jpg

AIRY, George B. Issued by Nicaragua in 1994 as part of a series depicting astronomers airy.jpg; issued by Great Britain in 1984 airy2.jpg

AL-BIRUNI, Abu Arrayhan Muhammad Ibn Ahmad. Issued by Syria in 1973 al-biruni.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1975 al-biruni2.jpg; issued by Pakistan al-biruni3.jpg, al-biruni4.jpg; issued by Afghanistan in 1973 al-biruni5.jpg; issued by Iran in 1973 al-biruni6.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union in 1973 al-biruni7.jpg; issued by Turkey in 1973 al-biruni8.jpg; issued by Algeria in 1974 and depicting silk thread writings by Al-Biruni al-biruni9.jpg

AL-KHOWARIZMI. Issued by the Soviet Union on Sept. 6, 1983, to mark the 1200th birth anniversary khowar.jpg

AL-TUSI, Nasir al-Din. Proper name: Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Tusi. Issued by Iran in 1974 on the 700th anniversary of his death al-tusi.jpg; issued by Azerbaijan in 2001 al-tusi2.jpg

ALBERTUS MAGNUS. Issued by Germany in 1980 albertus.jpg; issued by Germany in 1961 albertus2.jpg; issued by Belgium in 1969, depicting a wood sculpture by Artus Quellinus albertus3.jpg

ARCHIMEDES. Issued by the German Democratic Republic on Nov. 13, 1973. One of a series of six stamps, "Old Masters Paintings." The painting "Archimedes" is by Domenico Fetti arch1.jpg; issued by Italy in 1983 arch2.jpg; issued by San Marino in 1982 arch3.jpg; issued by Greece in 1983 arch4.jpg; issued by Spain arch5.jpg

ARISTARCHUS OF SAMOS. Issued by Greece in 1980 aristarchus1.jpg

AVICENNA (Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina). Issued by Dubai avicenna1.jpg; issued by Comoros avicenna2.jpg; issued by Mali in 1980 on the 1000th anniversary of his birth avicenna3.jpg, avicenna4.jpg; issued by Tunisia in 1980 avicenna5.jpg; issued by Algeria in 1980 avicenna6.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union in 1980 avicenna7.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1968 (and paired with a stamp depicting Imhotep) avicenna8.jpg; issued by Poland in 1952 avicenna9.jpg; issued by Libya in 1980 avicenna10.jpg; issued by Kuwait probably in 1980 avicenna11.jpg, avicenna12.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic in 1952 avicenna13.jpg; issued by Iran in 1980 avicenna14.jpg; issued by Jordan in 1971 avicenna15.jpg; issued by Pakistan in 1966 avicenna16.jpg

BABBAGE, Charles. Issued by Great Britain in 1991 babbage.jpg

BANACH, Stefan. Issued by Poland on Nov. 23, 1982, part of a series "Mathematicians" banach.jpg

BANACHIEWICZ, Tadeusz. Issued by Poland on March 25, 1983 banachiewicz.jpg

BERNOULLI, J. Issued by Switzerland in 1994 bernoulli.jpg

BESSEL, Friedrich Wilhelm. Issued by Germany on June 19, 1984, on his 200th birthday bessel.jpg; issued by Nicaragua in 1994 as part of a series depicting astronomers bessel2.jpg

BJERKNES, Vilhelm. Issued by Norway on March 14, 1962, on his 100th birthday bjerk1.jpg, bjerk2.jpg

BOLYAI, Farkas. Issued by Hungary on Feb. 7, 1975, on his 200th birthday bolyai.jpg; issued by Hungary in August 1932, part of a series "Portraits of Famous Hungarians" bolyai2.jpg

BOLYAI, Janos. Issued by Hungary in 1960, on the 100th anniversary of his death bolyai3.jpg; issued by Romania in 1960 bolyai4.jpg

BOLZANO, Bernard. Issued by Czechoslovakia on March 10, 1981, part of an eight-stamp series "Famous Persons" bolzano.jpg

BOSCOVICH, Ruggero Giuseppe. Issued by Croatia on Dec. 13, 1943 boscovich1.jpg, boscovich2.jpg; bank notes issued by Croatia in 1991 boscovich3.jpg; boscovich4.jpg; boscovich5.jpg; boscovich6.jpg; issued by Yugoslavia in 1960 boscovich7.jpg; issued by Yugoslavia in 1987 boscovich8.jpg

BOUGAINVILLE, Louis Antoine de. Issued by France in 1988 bougainville

BUFFON, Georges Louis Leclerc, Comte de. Issued by France on Nov. 14, 1949 buffon.jpg

CARAÇA, Bento de Jesus. Issued by Portugal in 2001 caraca.jpg

CARATHÉODORY, Constantin. Issued by Greece in 1994 caratheodory.jpg

CAUCHY, Augustin. Issued by France on Nov. 10, 1989, the 200th birthday cauchy.jpg

CECH, Eduard. Issued by the Czech Republic on Aug. 26, 1993, part of a two-stamp series "Personalities" cech.jpg

CHAPLYGIN, Sergei. Issued by the Soviet Union in Sept. 1944, on the 75th anniversary of his birth chaplygin1.jpg, chaplygin2.jpg

CHEBYSHEV, Pafnuti Lvovich. Issued by the Soviet Union on May 25, 1946, on the 125th anniversary of his birth cheby1.jpg (30 kopeck), cheby2.jpg (60 kopeck)

CHEN JINGRUN. Issued by China in 1999. Text has "the best result of Goldbach's conjecture P_x(1,2)..." chen1.jpg

COLOMBIA SOCIETY OF ENGINEERS. Isued by Colombia in 1962 on the 75th anniversary of the society, showing the emblem of the society, which features the Greek letter pi colombia1.jpg; issued by Colombia in 1994 colombia2.jpg

COMTE, Auguste. Issued by France on Sept. 14, 1957, to commemorate the centenary of the death of Comte comte.jpg

CONDORCET, Marquis de. Issued by France on June 26, 1989, one of a series of stamps issued on the bicentennial of the French Revolution condor.jpg

D'ALEMBERT, Jean Baptiste le Rond. Issued by France on June 13, 1959, part of a series Famous Frenchmen. The stamp was issued to benefit the Red Cross dalemb.jpg

DAVIDOGLU, Anton. Issued by Romania in 1976 on his 200th birthday davidoglu.jpg

DEDEKIND, Richard. Issued by the German Democratic Republic on May 5, 1981, one of a series of six stamps, "Important Persons" dedekind.jpg

DEMOCRITUS. issued by Greece on Sept. 26, 1983, to honor an International Conference on Democritus and his work democ1.jpg; issued by Greece in 1961 honoring the "Democritus" National Center for Scientific Research democ2.jpg, democ3.jpg; currency issued by Greece democritus4.jpg; coin issued by Greece democritus5.jpg

DESCARTES, Rene. Issued by France on June 9, 1937, in commemoration of the third centenary of the publication of Discours de la Méthode (shows "Discours sur la Méthode") descart.jpg; reissue, shows "Discours de la Méthode") descart2.jpg; issued by France in 1996 on the 400th anniversary of his birth descart3.jpg; issued by Albania in 1996 (this stamp apparently features a misspelling of the Latin form of Descartes, which should be Cartesius) descart4.jpg; issued by Grenada in 2000 descart5.jpg; issued by Sierra Leone in 2000 descart6.jpg; issued by Monaco in 1996 on his 400th birth anniversary descart7.jpg; a medallion issued by France in 1996 on the 400th anniversary of his birth descartes8.jpg; a 100-franc coin issued by France in 1991 descartes9.jpg

DE WITT, Johan. Issued by the Netherlands dewitt1.jpg

DÜRER, Albrecht. Issued by Germany in 1961 durer1.jpg; issued by Dubai durer2.jpg

EUCLID. Issued by the Maldive Islands on Jan. 10, 1988 euclid1.jpg

EULER, Leonhard. Issued by the Soviet Union on Apr. 17, 1957, to commemorate the 250th anniversary of Euler's birth euler1.jpg; issued by Switzerland on Nov. 30, 1957, to commemorate the 250th anniversary of Euler's birth euler2.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic on Sept. 6, 1983, on the 200th annniversary of his death euler3.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic on June 7, 1957, part of a series "Famous Scientists" euler4.jpg; Swiss currency euler5.jpg; euler6.jpg (detail); issued by the German Democratic Republic on July 10, 1950, on the 250th anniversary of the Berliner Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin Academy of Science) euler7.jpg

FERMAT, Pierre de. Issued by France in 2001 on the 400th anniversary of his birth fermat1.jpg

GALOIS, Evariste. Issued by France on Nov. 10, 1984 galois.jpg

GAUSS, Carl Friedrich. Issued by Germany on Feb. 23, 1955, to commemorate the centenary of death gauss1.jpg; issued by Germany on Apr. 14, 1977, to commemorate the 200th birth anniversary gauss2.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic gauss3.jpg; German currency guass4.jpg, guass5.jpg (detail), guass6.jpg (detail); issued by Nicaragua in 1994 as part of a series depicting astronomers gauss7.jpg

GIBBS, JOSIAH WILLARD. Issued by the United States in 2005 gibbs1.jpg

GOMES TEIXEIRA, Francisco. Issued by Portugal in 1951 on the centennial of his birth gomes_teixeira1.jpg, gomes_teixeira2.jpg

HAMILTON, William Rowan. Issued by Ireland on Nov. 15, 1943, to commemorate the centenary of the discovery of quaternions hamilt1.jpg, hamilt2.jpg; issued by Ireland on Mar. 14, 2005, to commemorate the World Year of Physics and on the bicentennial year of his birth hamilton3

HARET, Spiru. Issued by Romania in 1976 on the 125th anniversary of his birth haret.jpg

HELMHOLTZ, Hermann von. Issued by Germany helmholt.jpg; issued by West Berlin, Germany on Aug. 27, 1971, on the 150th birth anniversary helmholtz2.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic in 1950 helmholtz3.jpg

HILBERT, David. Issued by the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2001 hilbert1.jpg

HIPPARCHUS OF RHODES. Issued by Greece hipparchus1.jpg

HRONEC, Juraj. Issued by Czechoslovakia on March 10, 1981, part of an eight-stamp series "Famous Persons" hronec.jpg

HUA Luogeng (1910-1985). Issued by China in 1988. hua.jpg

HUYGENS, Christiaan. Issued by the Netherlands in 1928 huygens1.jpg; issued by Grenada in 2000 huygens2.jpg; issued by Comoros in 1975 huygens3.jpg

IONESCU, Ion. Issued by Romania in 1995 ionescu.jpg

JANISZEWSKI, Zygmunt. Issued by Poland on Nov. 23, 1982, part of a series "Mathematicians" janisz.jpg

JUNGIUS, Joachim. Issued by the German Democratic Republic in 1957 jungius.jpg

KARAMATA, Jovan. Issued by Yugoslavia in 2002 on the hundredth anniversary of his birth. karamata.jpg

KASHANI, Ghyath al-Din Jamshid. Issued by Iran in 1979 kashani.jpg

KELDYSH, Mstislav Vsevolodovich. Issued by the Soviet Union on Oct. 2, 1981, on his 70th birthday keldysh.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union in 1980 keldysh3.jpg

KEPLER, Johannes. Issued by Mexico in 1971 kepler01.jpg; issued by Ajman kepler02.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic in 1971 kepler03.jpg; issued by Austria kepler04.jpg; issued by Romania in 1971 kepler05.jpg; issued by Benin in 1980 kepler06.jpg; issued by Ecuador kepler07.jpg; issued by Benin in 1980 kepler08.jpg; issued by Mali kepler09.jpg; issued by the Cook Islands kepler10.jpg, issued by the Kingdom of Yemen in 1969 kepler11.jpg; issued by Hungary in 1980 kepler12.jpg; issued by Mongolia in 1980 kepler13.jpg; issued by Comoros in 1988 kepler14.jpg; issued by Fujeira in 1971 kepler15.jpg, kepler16.jpg, kepler17.jpg, kepler18.jpg, kepler19.jpg, kepler20.jpg; issued by Dahomey in 1971 kepler21.jpg, kepler22.jpg; issued by the Yemen Arab Republic in 1969 kepler23.jpg; issued by North Korea in 1980 kepler24.jpg; issued by Mali in 1980 kepler25.jpg; issued by Comoros in 1988 kepler26.jpg; issued by Sierra Leone in 2000 kepler27.jpg; issued by Grenada in 1991 kepler28.jpg; issued by the Guinea Republic in 1994 kepler29.jpg; issued by Comoros in 1980 kepler30.jpg; issued by North Korea in 1999 kepler31.jpg; issued by Sierra Leone in 1991 kepler32.jpg; issued by Germany on June 25, 1971 kepler33.jpg

KIRCHHOFF, Gustav. Issued by West Berlin on Feb. 15, 1974, on the 150th birth anniversary kirchhoff1.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic on March 26, 1974, on the 150th birth anniversary kirchhoff2.jpg

KOVALEVSKAYA, Sofia. Issued by the Soviet Union on Aug. 15, 1951, part of a series to honor famous Russian scientists kovalev1.jpg; issued by Russia on May 20, 1996 kovalev2.jpg

KRYLOV, Aleksei N. Issued by the Soviet Union on Jan. 9, 1956, on the 10th anniversary of his death krylov1.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union in 1963, one of a series of stamps honoring members of the Russian Academy of Science krylov2.jpg

LAGRANGE, Joseph-Louis. Issued by France on Feb. 15, 1958, part of a series "French scientists" lagrange.jpg

LAPLACE, Pierre Simon. Issued by France on June 11, 1955, part of a series Famous Frenchmen. The stamp was issued to benefit the Red Cross laplace.jpg; issued by Mozambique in 2001 laplace2.jpg

LASKER, Emanuel. Issued by Tadjikistan 2000 lasker1.jpg; issued by Kampuchea in 1986 lasker2.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic in 1968 lasker3.jpg

LAVRENTEV, Mikhail Alekseevich. Issued by the Soviet Union on Oct. 10, 1981 lavrentev.jpg

LEIBNIZ, Gottfried Wilhelm. Issued by Germany on Aug. 24, 1966, on the 250th anniversary of his death leibniz1.jpg; issued by Germany on May 8, 1980, part of the Europa series leibniz2.jpg; issued by Germany on Nov. 1, 1926, part of a series of famous Germans leibniz3.jpg; issued by Romania on June 28, 1966, part of the culture series "Famous Men 1966" leibniz4.jpg; issued by Germany on June 13, 1996, on the 350th anniversary of his birth leibniz5.jpg, leibniz6.jpg (two scans of the same stamp); issued by Albania in 1996 leibniz7.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic in 1950 leibniz8.jpg, leibniz9.jpg; issued by St. Vincent in 1991 leibniz10.jpg

LIU HUI. Issued by China in 2002 liu_hui.jpg

LOBACHEVSKY, Nicolai Ivanovitch. Issued by the Soviet Union on Aug. 15, 1951, part of a series to honor famous Russian scientists lobach1.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union on June 4, 1956, on the 100th anniversary of his death. lobach2.jpg

LUZIN, Nikolai Nikolaevich. Issued by Russia in 2000 luzin.jpg

LYAPUNOV, Aleksandr Mikhailovich. Issued by the Soviet Union on June 20, 1957, on the 100th anniversary of his birth lyapunov.jpg

MAUPERTUIS, Pierre Louis Moreau de, and Charles-Marie La Condamine. Issued by France on Sept. 5, 1986, on the 250th anniversary of the measurement of one degree of longitude, for which La Condamine traveled to Quito and Maupertius traveled to Laponia mauper.jpg; issued by Finland in 1986 maupertuis2.jpg

MONGE, Gaspard. Issued by France on Oct. 15, 1990, on the 200th anniversary of the French Revolution monge.jpg; issued by France on June 9, 1953 monge2.jpg

NEUMANN, John von. Issued by Hungary in 1992 neumann.jpg; issued by Hungary in 2003 on the centennnial of his birth neumann2.jpg; issued by the United States in 2005 neumann3.jpg

NEWTON, Isaac. Issued by Germany on Jan. 14, 1993, on his 350th birthday newton1.jpg; issued by France on Nov. 9, 1957, part of a series "Famous Persons" newton2.jpg; issued by Dubai on Oct. 18, 1971 newton3.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union on Oct. 8, 1987, part of a series "Important Persons" (a translation of the text attached to the stamp is: "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, the greatest work of I. Newton. For the first time a unified system of terrestrial and celestial mechanics was constructed, which became a basis of classical physics.") newton4.jpg; issued by Poland on Dec. 10, 1959, part of a series to honor famous scientists newton5.jpg; issued by Viet Nam in 1985 newton6.jpg; issued by Great Britain in 1987 newton7.jpg, newton8.jpg, newton9.jpg, newton10.jpg; issued by Hungary in 1977 on the 250th anniversary of his death newton11.jpg; issued by the Maldive Islands on Jan. 10, 1988 newton12.jpg; issued by Bulgaria in 1993 newton13.jpg; issued by San Marino on April 21, 1982; newton14.jpg issued by Grenada in 2000 newton15.jpg, newton16.jpg; issued by Sierra Leone in 2000 newton17.jpg; issued by Paraguay in 1965 newton18.jpg; issued by Paraguay in 1965 newton19.jpg; issued by the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (North Korea) in 1993 newton20.jpg, newton21.jpg, newton22.jpg, newton23.jpg, newton24.jpg; issued by Nicaragua in 1994 as part of a series depicting astronomers newton25.jpg; issued by Burundi in 2000 newton26.jpg; issued by Ascension newton27.jpg; issued by the Republic of the Congo in 2000 newton28.jpg; issued by the People's Republic of the Congo in 1977 newton29.jpg; issued by Mali newton30.jpg; issued by Chad in 1999 newton31.jpg; issued by Nevis in 2000 newton32.jpg; issued by Uruguay in 1996 newton33.jpg; issued by Grenada in 1987 as one of four stamps honoring scientists newton34.jpg; issued by the Central African Republic about 1985 newton35.jpg; issued by Guinea in 1986 newton36.jpg; issued by the Yemen Arab Republic newton37.jpg; issued by Togo in 1986 newton38.jpg; issued by Benin in 1977 on the 250th anniversary of his death newton39.jpg; issued by Ajman newton40.jpg; issued by Niger in 1970 newton41.jpg; issued by St. Vincent and the Grenadines newton42.jpg; issued by Yemen newton43.jpg; issued by Lesotho newton44.jpg; issued by Mongolia in 1977 newton45.jpg; issued by Chad newton46.jpg; issued by Laos in 1984 newton47.jpg; issued by Uganda in 1987 newton48.jpg; issued by Mozambique in 2001 newton49.jpg; issued by Guinea in 1994 newton50.jpg; issued by Mongolia in perhaps 2001 newton51.jpg

NUNES, Pedro. Issued by Portugal Aug. 9, 1978. The first shows "Nonio" navigational instrument and diagram from Tratado da Rumaçao do Globo nunes.jpg, nunes4.jpg; issued by Portugal in March 2002 on the 500th anniversary of his birth: the stamps only nunes2.jpg and the commemorative sheet nunes3.jpg

OMAR KHAYYAM. Issued by Albania in 1996 omar1.jpg; issued by Albania in 1996 omar2.jpg

ONICESCU, Octav. Issued by Romania in 1992 onicescu.jpg

PACIOLI, Fra Luca. Issued by Italy on May 2, 1994, on the 500th anniversary of the publication of the Summa de arithmetica, geometria, proportioni et proportionalita. The image is a modification of a famous painting. pacioli1.jpg

PASCAL, Blaise. Issued by France on May 26, 1962, on the 300th anniversary of his death pascal.jpg; issued by France on July 31, 1944, part of a series honoring famous French persons pascal2.jpg; issued by Monaco in 1973 on the 350th anniversary of his birth pascal3.jpg

PETROVIC, Mihailo. Issued by Yugoslavia in 1993 on the 50th anniversary of his death petrovic.jpg

PETROVSKY, Ivan Georgievich. Issued by the Soviet Union on Dec. 28, 1973, one of a series of four stamps honoring scientists and academicians petrovsky.jpg

POINCARE, Henri. Issued by France on Oct. 18, 1952, part of a series honoring famous French persons of the second half of the 19th century poincare.jpg

PRIME NUMBER. Issued by Liechtenstein in 2004 and showing the 39th Mersenne prime number (discovered in 2001) prime.jpg

PYTHAGORAS. Issued by Greece on Aug. 20, 1955, on the occasion of Pythagoras's Congress and to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the founding of the first school of philosophy by Pythagoras pythag.jpg, theorem.jpg, pythag2.jpg, pythag4.jpg, pythag5.jpg; issued by San Marino on April 21, 1982 pythag3.jpg

QUETELET, Adolphe. Issued by Belgium on Dec. 14, 1974, on the death centenary quetelet.jpg

RAMANUJAN, Srinivasa. Issued by India on Dec. 22, 1962, to commemorate the 75th anniversary of his birth raman.jpg

RIESE, Adam. Issued by Germany on March 28, 1959, on the 400th death anniversary riese.jpg; issued by Germany in 1992 on the 500th birth anniversary riese2.jpg

RUSSELL, Bertrand. Issued by India on Oct. 16, 1972, on his birth centennial russell1.jpg; issued by Palau in 2001 russell2.jpg; issued by Angola in 2001 russell3.jpg; issued by the Comoros Islands in 1977 and showing Russell among other winners of the Nobel prize for literature russell4.jpg; issued by Upper Volta in 1977 russell5.jpg; issued by Grenada in 1971 russell6.jpg

SCHMIDT, Otto Yulevich. Issued by the Soviet Union in 1966, one of a series of stamps honoring Soviet scientists schmidt.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union in 1980 schmidt2.jpg

SEKI KOWA. Issued by Japan in 1992 on the 350th birthday seki.jpg

SEVERI, Francesco. Issued by Italy on April 23, 1979, on the 100th birth anniversary severi.jpg

SIERPINSKI, Waclaw. Issued by Poland on Nov. 23, 1982, part of a series "Mathematicians" sierpin.jpg

STEVIN, Simon. Issued by Belgium on May 15, 1942, to benefit the battle against tuberculosis, part of a series "Famous Flanders scientists of the 16th century" stevin.jpg

THALES. Issued by Greece in 1994 thales.jpg

TINBERGEN, Jan. Issued by the Netherlands in 1995 tinbergen1.jpg

TITEICA, Gheorghe. Issued by Romania on Apr. 11, 1961, part of a series to honor Romanian scientists titeica.jpg

TORRICELLI, Evangelista. Issued by Italy on Oct. 20, 1958, to commemorate the 350th anniversary of the birth of Torricelli torric.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union on Feb. 5, 1959, on the 350th anniversary of his birth torric2.jpg; issued by San Marino in 1983 torric3.jpg

TURING, Alan. Issued by St. Vincent and the Grenadines in March 2000 turing1.jpg

ULUGH BEG. Issued by the Soviet Union on Oct. 8, 1987, part of a series "Important Persons" ulugh.jpg; issued by Uzbekistan in 1994 on the 600th anniversary of his birth ulugh2.jpg, ulugh3.jpg, ulugh4.jpg; issued by Turkey in 1983 ulugh5.jpg

VEGA, Jurij. Issued by Slovenia in 1994 vega1.jpg; a banknote issued by Slovenia vega1.gif; issued by Yugoslavia in 1954 vega3.jpg

WIENER, Nobert. Issued by Israel on April 18, 1999, part of a series of stamps to honor the Jewish contribution to world culture in the modern era wiener.jpg; issued by Moldova in 2000 wiener2.jpg

WITTGENSTEIN, Ludwig. Issued by Austria in 1989, the hundredth anniversary of his birth wittgenstein.jpg

XIONG QINGLAI. Issued by China in 1994 xiong.jpg

XU GUANGQI. (Also known as Xu Guang-qi or Hsu Kuang-ch'i) (1562-1633) issued by Taiwan xuguangqi.jpg; issued by China in 1980 xuguangqi2.jpg

ZAREMBA, Stanislaw. Issued by Poland on Nov. 23, 1982, part of a series "Mathematicians" zaremba.jpg

ZHANG HENG. Also spelled Chang Heng. Issued by China in 1955 zhang_heng.jpg

ZU CHONGZHI. (429-501) Also spelled Tsu Ch'ung-Chih or Hsu Kuang Chi. Issued by China in 1955 zu_chongzhi.jpg


Other Mathematics Stamps

ABACUS. Issued by Japan in (apparently) 1987 abacus1.jpg; issued by Macao abacus2.jpg, abacus3.jpg; issued by Liberia abacus4.jpg; issued by Israel in 2005 abacus5.jpg; issued by the Central African Empire in 1979 abacus6.jpg; issued by Cuba in 1970 abacus7.jpg

ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSIONS. Issued by the Ukraine in 1998, depicting Timoshenko algebra1.jpg; issued by Israel educate1.jpg

ARAGO. Shows physicist Francçois Arago and also shows a sine curve. Issued by France in 1986 arago.jpg

BINOMIAL. Shows the expansion of (a + b)2 and issued by Haiti in 1967 binomial.jpg

GAZETA MATEMATICA. Issued by Romania in 1945 to commemorate 50 years of Gazeta Matematica. Portraits of I. Ionescu, G. Titeica, A. G. Ioachimescu, V. Cristescu gazeta1.jpg, gazeta2.jpg

GOLDEN SECTION. Issued by Switzerland in 1987 to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Swiss Society of Engineers and Architects goldensection.jpg; issued by San Marino and showing a painting by Piero Della Francesa goldensection2.jpg

GRAPHS. Issued by Norway in 1976 on the centenary of the Central Bureau of Statistics graph1.jpg, graph2.jpg; issued by Portugal graph3.jpg; issued by Kuwait on March 28, 1965 graph4.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1975 graph5.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1976 graph6.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1974 graph7.jpg; issued by Iraq on Nov. 29, 1965 graph8.jpg; issued by India in 1977 graph9.jpg; issued by Belgium in 1974 graph10.jpg; issued by Colombia in 1973 graph11.jpg; issued by Senegal in 1976 graph12.jpg; issued by Turkey in 1955 graph13.jpg; issued by Yemen in 1973 graph14.jpg

J. C. M. F. (1962). Issued by Czechoslovakia on Feb. 26, 1962, on the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Union of Czechoslovak Mathematicians and Physicists. The two mathematics stamps were part of a series of seven stamps, "Personalities of culture life." Physicist Frantisek Zaviska (1879-1945) and mathematician Karel Petr (1868-1950) jcmf1.jpg; two mathematicians: Miloslav Valouch (1878-1952) and Juraj Hronec (1881-1959) jcmf2.jpg

HIEROGLYPHICS. Issued by France in 1972 on the anniversary of the announcement of the deciphering of hieroglyphics by Jean François Champollion hieroglyphics.jpg

HISTOGRAMS. Issued by Austria on April 6, 1979, on the 150th anniversary of the Austrian Central Statistics Bureau histogram.jpg; issued by Germany in 1989 on the centennial of the state insurance program histogram2.jpg

CHRISTIAAN HUYGENS' PENDULUM CLOCK by van Ceulen. Issued by the Netherlands on April 27, 1962, as part of a series to publicize the International Congress of Museum Experts, July 4-11 clock.jpg

INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF MATHEMATICIANS. Issued by Japan in 1990 icm90.jpg

MOEBIUS STRIP. Issued by Brazil in 1967 moebius.jpg; issued by Brazil in 1973 moebius2.jpg; issued by the Netherlands in 1969 moebius3.jpg; issued by Belgium in 1969 moebius8.jpg; issued by Luxembourg in 1969 moebius9.jpg; issued by Brazil in 1974 moebius4.jpg, moebius5.jpg, moebius6.jpg, moebius7.jpg,

LAWS AND THEOREMS. Issued by Nicaragua on May 15, 1971, under the title "Mathematical Equations Which Changed the World." Maxwell's law formula1.jpg; Boltzmann's law formula2.jpg; Newton's law formula3.jpg; Tsiolkovski's law formula4.jpg; Pythagorean theorem formula5.jpg; Napier, logarithms formula6.jpg; Einstein's theory formula7.jpg; Archimedes' principle formula8.jpg; Using fingers to count formula9.jpg; Broglie's law formula10.jpg

RUTHERFORD. Issued by the Soviet Union on Aug. 24, 1971. The stamp depicts the physicist Rutherford, but also shows a mathematical drawing rutherford1.jpg

MELANCHOLIA. Issued by Aitutaki and showing the Dürer engraving which includes mathematical objects melancholia.jpg

METRIC SYSTEM. Issued by the Netherlands in 1975 on the 100th anniversary of the meter convention, when 17 countries signed the 'Convention du Metre' in Paris metric1.jpg; issued by Australia on March 7, 1973 metric2.jpg, metric3.jpg, metric4.jpg, metric5.jpg; issued by France in 1975 metric6.jpg; issued by Switzerland in 1975 metric7.jpg; issued by Romania in 1966 metric8.jpg, metric9.jpg; issued by Singapore metric10.jpg, metric11.jpg, metric12.jpg; issued by Sweden in 1975 metric13.jpg; issued by Denmark in 1983 metric14.jpg; issued by Finland in 1987 metric15.jpg; issued by Hungary in 1976 metric16.jpg, metric17.jpg, metric18.jpg; issued by Turkey in 1970 metric19.jpg; issued by the Republic of South Africa in 1977 metric20.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union in 1975 metric21.jpg; issued by Yugoslavia in 1973 metric22.jpg; issued by Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania metric23.jpg; issued by Surinam in 1975 metric24.jpg; issued by France metric25.jpg; issued by Ghana in 1975 metric26.jpg, metric27.jpg, metric28.jpg, metric29.jpg, issued by Japan in 1959 metric30.jpg; issued by Brazil in 1962 metric31.jpg; issued by Cuba in 1977 metric32.jpg; issued by Indonesia in 1975 metric33.jpg; issued by South Korea in 1975 metric34.jpg; issued by Pakistan in 1974 metric35.jpg

NUMERALS. Issued by Turkey in 1940 commemorating the 1940 census numerals.jpg; issued by France in 1982 numerals2.jpg

PYTHAGOREAN THEOREM. Issued by Greece on Aug. 20, 1955, on the occasion of Pythagoras's Congress and to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the founding of the first school of philosophy by Pythagoras theorem.jpg; issued by Surinam in 1972 theorem2.jpg; issued by Macedonia on Feb. 6, 1998, to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the death of Pythagoras macedonia1998.jpg

CALCULATING MACHINE. Issued by Germany on June 12, 1973, on the 350th anniversary of the calculator built by Prof. Wilhelm Schickard, University of Tubingen schick.jpg; issued by Germany in 2002, showing the calculating machine by Johann Christoph Schuster calculate1.jpg

SLIDE RULE. Issued by Romania in 1957 sliderule.jpg

SPUTNIK. Issued by the Soviet Union on Aug. 10, 1976. The stamp shows an integral expression sputnik.jpg

GREAT TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEY. Issued by India trigsurv.jpg

EGYPTIAN SURVEY AUTHORITY. Issued by Egypt in 1998 esa.jpg

BENJAMIN BANNEKER. Issued by the United States on Feb. 15, 1980 banneker.jpg

NEGATIVE NUMBERS. Issued by the Togo Republic and showing a page from Precious Mirror of Four Elements (1303) negative.jpg

IMPOSSIBLE FIGURES OF OSCAR REUTERSVARD. Issued by Sweden in 1982. The first image is an impossible triangle created in 1934. impossible1.jpg, impossible2.jpg, impossible3.jpg

IMPOSSIBLE FIGURE. Issued by Israel in 1974 impossible4.jpg

DISCOVERY OF QUATERNIONS. Issued by Ireland on May 4, 1983 quaternions.jpg

RAPHAEL'S SCHOOL OF ATHENS. Three stamps issued by Sierra Leone in 1983, showing detail of this painting. Pictured are Euclid, Ptolemy, Pythagoras, and others raphael1.jpg, raphael2.jpg, raphael3.jpg; issued by Kampuchea in 1983 raphael4.jpg

JACOB'S STAFF. Issued by the Netherlands in 1986 jacob.jpg

PONTIFICAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. Issued by Vatican City in 1986. The first stamp shows Euclid vatican1.jpg and the second stamp shows Pythagoras and Heraclitus vatican2.jpg

J. C. M. F. (1987). Issued by Czechoslovakia on July 6, 1987, on the 125th anniversary of the founding of the Union of Czechoslovak Mathematicians and Physicists. A picture of geodetic (or surveying) work (17th century) and computer graphics jcmf5.jpg; J. M. Petzval (mathematician, 1807-1891), C. Strouhal (physicist, 1850-1922), and V. Jarnik (mathematician, 1897-1950) jcmf3.jpg; Prague's astronomical clock (or calendar-clock), computer graphics and a formula jcmf4.jpg

WORLD OF WILLIAM AND MARY. Issued by the Netherlands in 1988, depicting events in the era of William III and Mary, and naming Newton and Huygens william.jpg

ALLIES DECRYPT SECRET ENEMY CODES. Issued by the United States on Aug. 17, 1992, as part of a large series of stamps commemorating events of World War II decrypt.jpg

ENIGMA. Issued by Poland in 1983 on the 50th anniversary of the breaking of the Naval Enigma enigma2.jpg

MATHEMATICAL CONGRESS. Issued by French Polynesia in 1993 to commemmorate the 15th Congress of Australian Mathematicians or the 15th anniversary of Australian math competition for pupils polynesia.jpg; issued by Iran in 1994 to commemorate the 25th annual Iranian Mathematical Conference. irankonf.jpg; issued by Hungary in 1996 on the occasion of a Mathematical Congress held in Hungary hungary1.jpg; issued by Germany, 1998 (the Congress was held in Berlin) imk.jpg, imk2.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union on July 20, 1966, for a Congress held in Moscow icm1.jpg; issued by Pakistan in 1975 icms1.jpg; issued by Finland in 1978 finland.jpg; issued by Austria on Sept. 14, 1981, for a Congress was held at Innsbruck. The inscription on the picture is "Impossible Construction of Cube" by M. C. Escher cong1.jpg

PASCAL'S TRIANGLE. Issued by Liberia and showing a page from Precious Mirror of Four Elements (1303) triangle1.jpg

ROMANIAN SCIENCE ACADEMY. Issued by Romania on Sept. 30, 1966, to observe 100th anniversary of the academy. Shows an integral expression romania1966.jpg

WORLD MATHEMATICAL YEAR. Issued by Belgium in 2000 belgium1.jpg; issued by Italy in 2000 italy2000.jpg; issued by the Czech Republic in 2000. Design shows an inequality and the names Fermat and Wiles fermat-wiles.jpg; issued by Portugal in 2000. Shows Poincare, Godel, Kolmogorov portugal1.jpg; issued by Portugal in 2000. Shows Turing and von Neumann portugal2.jpg; issued by Spain on May 25, 2000. The stamp depicts Julio Rey Pastor (1888-1962), a Spanish mathematician who wrote some books on mathematics, incuding the history of mathematics spain00.jpg; issued by Monaco in 2000 monaco2000.jpg; issued by Croatia in 2000 croatia2000.jpg; issued by Slovakia in 2000 slovakia2000.jpg; issued by Luxembourg in 2000 luxembourg2000.jpg; issued by Korea in 2000 korea2000.jpg; issued by Argentina in 2000 argentina2000.jpg; issued by Hungary in 2000 hungary2000.jpg

FRACTALS. Issued by Sweden in 2000. Depicts the snowflake of Helge von Koch (1870-1924) vonkoch.jpg; issued by Spain in 2001 fractal2.jpg; issued by Israel in 1997 fractal1.jpg

TABLE OF CALCULATION. Issued by Algeria in 2003 calculation.jpg

INCA MATH. Issued by Rwanda in 1974 as part of a six-stamp set commemorating the UPU centenary, showing knot-based Inca math inca.jpg

WORKERS STUDYING MATHEMATICS. Issued by the Soviet Union on Sept. 28, 1961, part of a three-stamp series publicizing Communist labor teams workers.jpg; issued in by Laos in 1981, the International Year of the Disabled workers2.jpg


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ABOUT THIS SITE: This page is maintained by Jeff Miller, a mathematics teacher at Gulf High School in New Port Richey, Florida. I also maintain these history of mathematics web pages: Earliest Uses of Various Mathematical Symbols and Earliest Known Uses of Some of the Words of Mathematics

Thanks to the following people who assisted with this page: Bert Jagers, Toni Baeza, Tim Carr, Didier Cuidet, Luis Filipe Faria, Oliver Faulhaber, Maike Den Houting, Dr. Vojtech Jankovic, Roland Klinger, Ivan Kosinar and Rudo Hajossy of Univerzita Komenskeho in Bratislava, Marcel Lajus, Roberto Lardelli, Gunnar Løvås, Maiken Naylor, Guy Noel, John O'Connor, Arnaud Pascal, John G. Peebles, a senior mathematics teacher at A. B. Lucas Secondary School in London, Ontario, Canada, Shannon L. Ritter, Brigitte Vallee, David Stone, a mathematics teacher in Derbyshire, Heinz Klaus Strick, Magnus Waller, Shuki Zakai, who is from Kiryat-Tivon, Israel, and José Pablo Sánchez Mielgo, who is a math teacher in Spain.


Webring: Mathematics on Stamps
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