Simple Tenses and Standard English Verbs


A verb in the present tense shows that something is happening now or that something happens regularly.


EXAMPLES:    I am happy. (now)

                             The flowers bloom in the spring. (regularly)



A verb in the past tense shows that something took place before now.


EXAMPLES:    I was happy. (irregular verb)

                             I drove to work. (irregular verb)

                             The flowers bloomed in the spring. (regular)



A verb in the future tense shows that something will take place in the future, whether it is one second in the future or years in the future.


EXAMPLES:    I will be happy.

                             I will drive to work.

                             The flowers will bloom in the spring.












Regular Standard English Verbs


Present Tense:  You need to identify your subjects as being singular or plural.  You also need to familiarize yourself with the subject pronouns.

          The following pronouns can act as subjects:


                   I, you, he, she it (singular)


                   We, you, they (plural)


If the subject is singular (NOT COUNTING THE PRONOUNS I OR YOU), put an –s or –es ending on the verb.


EXAMPLES:    the dog                         barks


                             dogs                              bark


                             the man                        sings


                             the men                        sing


                             the girl and boy dance



Past Tense:        Regular verbs in the past tense have a –d or

–ed ending.

                             Present                         Past


                             talk                                talked


                             look                               looked


                             believe                          believed

                                      Troublesome Verbs


          BE                                          DO                                HAVE


I am,          was                      I do            did              I have       had


You are,    were                    You do                          You have


He is,         was                      He does                        He has


She is,        was                      She does                       She has


It is,            was                      It does                           It has


We are,     were                    We do                           We have


They are,   were                    They do                        They have