Terms to Remember and Notes

Verbs (General Information)

 

Along with a subject, every sentence needs a verb.  The verb is in the part of the sentence called the predicate.

 

1.  Predicate:     After finding the subject, ask what about the

                             subject.  It is the part of the sentence that

                             contains the verb and what comes after the

                             verb.

 

                             EXAMPLE:  The man found his keys.

 

                             What about the man?  He found his keys.

 

2.  Verb:    a.      shows action

 

                   b.      links the subject to a word that renames or

                             describes it (BE= am, is, are, was, were, been,

                             being) and also (act, appear, become, feel,

                             grow, taste, look, seem)

 

                             A word that renames the subject is a noun or

                             pronoun.

 

                             A word that describes the subject would be an

                             adjective.

 

Verbs show time through tenses - past (ed,d),

present (s, es),future (will + verb)

 

                    Irregular verbs have different endings in the past

                   tense and some other tenses.      

 

 

Sometimes verbs are made up of more than one word.

 

                             EXAMPLE:      will see

                                                          should go

                                                          could have been singing

 

The complete verb is made up of the main verb and any helping verbs.   The main verb is the last verb.

 

Do not confuse the following with verbs:

 

          1. “to” + verb = infinitive

 

                   EXAMPLES:    Would you say the following?

                            

                                                He wants to lives in China.

 

                             OR             He wanted to lived in China.

 

          2.  adverb 

         

                   answers HOW (ly) – A slow driver drives slowly.

 

                   answers HOW OFTEN (never, always, sometimes)

                  

                   NOT is an adverb.

 

          3.   –ing words without helping verbs

 

                   are working, is singing

 

 

 

 

 

 

          EXAMPLE SENTENCES:

 

                   The boy kissed the girl.

 

                   She is a doctor.

 

                   She seems nice.

 

                   Walking is good for you.

 

                   The smiling boy is shy.

 

                   It was a challenging class.

 

                   She is working tonight.

 

                   He is always laughing at himself.