Terms to Remember and Notes

Nouns, Pronouns and Subjects

 

1.  Noun:– person, place, thing or idea

 

          EXAMPLES:    man, Bob, city, Miami, car, Honda, anger

                                      freedom

         

          a.  Common Noun: something general, not capitalized

 

          b.  Proper Noun:  specific person, place or thing

                                           (capitalized)

 

2.  Pronoun: a word that replaces a noun

          EXAMPLES: I, me, my, mine, she, her, we

 

3.  Subject: the main who or what the sentence is about

                       usually the first noun or pronoun

                       usually doing the action (but not the action itself)

 

4.  Singular Vs. Plural Words

                   Singular means one person, place or thing.  Plural

                   means more than one.  Most plural words end in –s.

                  

          EXAMPLES:  Are the following singular or plural?

 

                   cat                       cats

                   houses                 house

                   man                     men

                   foot                      feet

                   James                 he

 

5.  Compound: usually words joined by “and”

                   Compound subjects are plural.

 

6.  Ownership:  Showing possession – These words can’t be subjects

 

          a.  Possessive Pronouns:     my, your, his, her, our, their

 

          b. Possessive Nouns:  Use apostrophes

 

          EXAMPLE:  my friend’s book = the book of my friend

                                  my sister’s house = the house of my sister

                                  my sisters’ house = the house of my sisters       

 

7.  Unstated Subject:  The word “YOU” is understood for a

     command or request

 

          EXAMPLE:  Go away!

                                  Please turn in your work.

 

8.  Preposition:  think about the relationship of a plane to a

     cloud or any relationship with regards to a house

 

9.  Prepositional Phrase:  preposition + noun or pronoun

 

          EXAMPLES:  in the cloud, near the cloud,

                                    around the house, for the house

 

***********THIS IS IMPORTANT:  The subject is never in the prepositional phrase!!!!!!!!

 

10.  Introductory Phrase:  Look for commas; when taken out,

       the sentence still makes sense

         

          EXAMPLE:      Of all classes, this one is his favorite.

                                      In the beginning of the semester, I went to

                                      the wrong room.

 

 

11.  Appositive:  The part that can be taken out is surrounded

                               by commas; it explains the subject    

 

Subject,                    , Verb = Subject(             ) Verb

 

EXAMPLES:    My friend, a teacher, lives in New York.

                             My sister, who was just here, the one with

                             the red hair, has your book.