Terms to Remember and Notes
Nouns, Pronouns and Subjects
1. Noun:– person, place, thing or idea
EXAMPLES: man, Bob, city, Miami, car, Honda, anger
a. Common Noun: something general, not capitalized
b. Proper Noun: specific person, place or thing
2. Pronoun: a word that replaces a noun
EXAMPLES: I, me, my, mine, she, her, we
3. Subject: the main who or what the sentence is about
usually the first noun or pronoun
usually doing the action (but not the action itself)
4. Singular Vs. Plural Words
Singular means one person, place or thing. Plural
means more than one. Most plural words end in –s.
EXAMPLES: Are the following singular or plural?
5. Compound: usually words joined by “and”
Compound subjects are plural.
6. Ownership: Showing possession – These words can’t be subjects
a. Possessive Pronouns: my, your, his, her, our, their
b. Possessive Nouns: Use apostrophes
EXAMPLE: my friend’s book = the book of my friend
my sister’s house = the house of my sister
my sisters’ house = the house of my sisters
7. Unstated Subject: The word “YOU” is understood for a
command or request
EXAMPLE: Go away!
Please turn in your work.
8. Preposition: think about the relationship of a plane to a
cloud or any relationship with regards to a house
9. Prepositional Phrase: preposition + noun or pronoun
EXAMPLES: in the cloud, near the cloud,
around the house, for the house
***********THIS IS IMPORTANT: The subject is never in the prepositional phrase!!!!!!!!
10. Introductory Phrase: Look for commas; when taken out,
the sentence still makes sense
EXAMPLE: Of all classes, this one is his favorite.
In the beginning of the semester, I went to
the wrong room.
11. Appositive: The part that can be taken out is surrounded
by commas; it explains the subject
Subject, , Verb = Subject( ) Verb
EXAMPLES: My friend, a teacher, lives in New York.
My sister, who was just here, the one with
the red hair, has your book.